Lawyers in our Mass Torts Section have also been very busy over the past several months. They will investigate any medication or device claim involving catastrophic injury or death. The following are some of the drugs and devices the section is currently working on:
Johnson & Johnson has known for decades that its talcum products, such as Shower to Shower and Baby Powder can cause ovarian cancer. But J&J has failed to warn women of the risk of using these products in the genital area. A Harvard medical doctor says that he has studied the link between talc and cancer for 30 years and believes talc is the likely cause for as many as 2,200 cases of ovarian cancer each year.
Lawyer: Ted Meadows
Primary Contact: Katie Tucker, Gwyn Harris or Amy Brown
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued an updated safety communication warning doctors, health care professionals and patients that the placement of surgical mesh through the vagina to treat pelvic organ prolapse and stress urinary incontinence may present greater risk for the patient than other non-mesh procedures. This is also called transvaginal mesh. According to the FDA, reported complications from the transvaginal placement of the mesh include erosion of the mesh into the vaginal tissue, organ perforation, pain, infection, painful intercourse and urinary and fecal incontinence. Often women require surgery to remove the mesh. In some cases, this can require multiple procedures without successfully removing all of the mesh. Currently, we are investigating cases involving mesh manufactured by American Medical Systems, Bard, Boston Scientific, Caldera, Coloplast and Johnson & Johnson.
Lawyers: Chad Cook and Leigh O’Dell
Primary Contact: Tabitha Dean or Melisa Bruner
Approved by the FDA in 2011, Xarelto® is one of the newest blood thinners on the market. It is manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceutical (a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson) and co-marketed by Bayer Healthcare. It is prescribed to prevent blood clots in patients suffering from atrial fibrillation, pulmonary embolism, deep vein thrombosis, stroke and in patients who have recently undergone hip or knee replacement surgery. Since its approval, it has been linked to hundreds of injuries and deaths. We are currently investigating claims of GI bleeding, hemorrhagic strokes or any other serious or fatal bleeding involving Xarelto®.
Lawyers: David Byrne or Melissa Prickett
Primary Contact: Susan Harding or Penny Davies
The 3M Bair Hugger is a force hot air warming blanket, used primarily to help maintain a patient’s body temperature during surgery. The 3M Bair Hugger pushes warm air through a flexible hose into a blanket draped over a patient. However, warming blankets can recirculate contaminated air over a patient’s body, including over an open surgical site. This may result in infections like MRSA or sepsis. In particular, patients undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery are at risk of infections deep in the joint, which is very difficult to treat. Complications from these infections include hospitalization, implant revision surgery, limited mobility, permanent disability, amputation and death.
Lawyer: Melissa Prickett
Primary Contact: Penny Davies
SSRI-antidepressants such as Celexa, Lexapro, Luvox, Paxil, Prozac and Zoloft are prescribed to treat depression. Studies over the last several years have shown an increased risk of heart birth defects in children born to mothers who took SSRI-antidepressants in the first trimester. Most of the cardiac defects observed in these studies were atrial or ventricular septal defects, conditions in which the wall between the right and left sides of the heart does not completely develop. We are currently investigating claims of birth defects involving children whose mother was taking an SSRI, Wellbutrin or Effexor during pregnancy.
Lawyer: Roger Smith
Primary Contact: April Worley
These drugs are used to treat Type 2 diabetes. They have been prescribed to millions of people in the United States. Since approving the medications, the FDA has issued several warnings about links between them to complications related to pancreatic diseases. Recent studies have linked these two drugs to acute pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer. We are currently investigating claims of pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer and thyroid cancer.
Lawyer: David Dearing
Primary Contact: Kim Owen
Essure® is a permanent birth control device manufactured by Bayer Healthcare. The device consists of two small nickel alloy coils, which are implanted through the vagina into the fallopian tubes. Scar tissue forms around the coils, preventing sperm from reaching the eggs. Since its approval in 2002, 750,000 Essure® devices have been implanted. Adverse events reported with Essure® include migration, leading to perforation of the fallopian tube or uterine wall or embedment in other organs, often requiring hysterectomy or surgical removal; allergic reactions; severe pain; and infection.
GraunFlo® and NaturaLyte® are products used in the dialysis process. On June 27, 2012, the FDA issued a Class 1 recall of GranuFlo® and NaturaLyte®. A Class 1 recall is the most serious FDA recall, reserved for situations in which the FDA deems “there is a reasonable probability that the use of or exposure to a violative product will cause serious adverse health consequences or death.” Use of these dialysis products has been linked to an increase in the risk of cardiopulmonary arrest and sudden cardiac death. The manufacturer, Fresnius Medical Care, was aware of the dangers and injuries associated with these products but failed to warn patients and doctors until 2012. We are currently investigating death claims as well as claims of heart attack, cardiopulmonary arrest or any other serious injury.
Lawyer: Frank Woodson
Primary Contact: Renee Lindsey
Approved in March 2013, Invokana® (canagliflozin) is an SGLT2 Inhibitor used to treat adults with Type 2 diabetes, manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceuticals, a subsidiary of Johnson & Johnson. SGLT2 inhibitors work by preventing high blood sugar by helping the patient’s kidneys remove excess sugar through their urine. In May 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a warning the drug has been lined to cases of ketoacidosis, a serious condition where there is too much acid in the blood. Complications of diabetic ketoacidosis include difficulty breathing, nausea/vomiting, abdominal pain, confusion and unusual fatigue or sleepiness. The condition can lead to diabetic coma and/or death.
Retrievable IVC filters are wire devices implanted in the vena cava, the body’s largest vein, to stop blood clots from reaching the heart and lungs. These devices are used when blood thinners are not an option. Manufacturers include Bard, Cook and Johnson & Johnson. While permanent IVC filters have been used since the 1960s with almost no reports of failure, retrievable IVC filters were introduced in 2003, promoted for use in bariatric surgery, trauma surgery and orthopedic surgery. Risks associated with the retrievable IVC filters include migration, fracture and perforation, leading to embolism, organ damage and wrongful death.
Lipitor, a statin drug to treat high cholesterol, was approved by the FDA in 1996 and is one the best-selling prescription medications in the world. Recent studies have found a possible link between Lipitor and the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. A University of Massachusetts study found a potential link in postmenopausal women, particularly those who had a Body Mass Index (BMI) less than 25. Of the 153,840 women evaluated, more than 10,000 had developed Type 2 diabetes by the end of the study.
Criteria: Injured is female who took Lipitor consistently for at least two months and was diagnosed with diabetes while taking Lipitor (or within six months of last dosage of Lipitor).
Metal-on-Metal hip replacement manufacturers have been under heavy scrutiny over the past few years regarding the dangers of their metal-on-metal hip devices. The main hip devices under scrutiny are:
• Johnson & Johnson/DePuy: ASR Total Hip Replacement and ASR Resurfacing System hip (Recalled on August 24, 2010);
• Johnson & Johnson/DePuy: Pinnacle metal-on-metal hip;
• Zimmer: Durom Cup hip;
• Stryker: Rejuvenate and ABG II Stems (Recalled on July 4, 2012);
• Biomet: M2a and 38 Diameter hips,
• Wright: (a) Conserve, (b) Dynasty, (c) Lineage and (d) Profemur (femur fracture) hips; and
• Smith and Nephew: R3 Liner hips (Recalled on June 1, 2012).
Metal-on-metal hip patients from the above manufacturers have similarly reported problems after their initial implant surgery resulting in revision surgery. All have reported a variety of symptoms, including pain, swelling and problems walking. These symptoms are normal for patients following a hip replacement, but can be a sign that something is wrong if they continue or come back frequently. Additionally, metal debris spreading in the hip area has been reported due to the metal on metal friction involved from the metal components moving together.
Our lawyers would like to review any cases involving individuals who have had any of the above metal on metal hip devices implanted and all individuals unsure of the type of hip device implanted if the person has had revision surgery, or the person is experiencing hip pain, hip swelling or difficulty walking.
Lawyers: Navan Ward and Melissa Prickett
Primary Contact: Janet Welch or Donna Puckett
Mirena® is an intrauterine device (IUD) that was originally approved by the FDA as an intrauterine contraceptive. It was later approved as a treatment for heavy menstrual bleeding. It works by slowly releasing a low dose of levonorgestrel (a synthetic progestin hormone) directly into the uterus. Serious adverse side effects and potentially life-threatening complications have been reported following the implantation of the device. These complications include organ perforation, migration of the IUD to outside the uterus, expulsion of the IUD, and embedment in the uterus, among others.
Lawyer: Roger Smith
Primary Contact: April Worley
Paxil® (paroxetine) is an anti-depressant manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline. Recently, Public Health Advisories have been issued for Paxil® regarding an increased risk of heart birth defects, persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN), omphalocele (an abnormality in newborns in which the infant’s intestine or other abdominal organs protrude from the navel) or craniosynostosis (connections between sutures-skull bones, prematurely close during the first year of life, which causes an abnormally shaped skull) in children born to mothers exposed to Paxil®. We are investigating claims for children born with birth defects to a mother who has documented use of Paxil® during pregnancy.
The Power Morcellator is a surgical instrument used to divide and remove masses during hysterectomies, fibroid removal and other laparoscopic surgeries. The device is inserted through small incisions and removes tissue after aggressively cutting and shredding it. The device can put women at increased risk for a number of deadly uterine cancers. According to FDA analysis, 1 in 350 women undergoing surgical treatment for fibroids has an unsuspected uterine sarcoma that cannot be reliably detected before surgery. During power morcellation, there is a chance pieces of tissue may be left behind. If the tissue is malignant, cancer may be spread. The FDA issued a safety alert in April 2014 discouraging the use of these devices in uterine and fibroid removal procedures.
Risperdal® is an atypical antipsychotic drug used to treat schizophrenia and certain problems caused by bipolar disorder, and has been linked to the development of gynecomastia in boys and young men. Gynecomastia is a condition that causes boys to grow breasts. There was a jury verdict in Philadelphia last month against Jansen Pharmaceuticals, a Johnson & Johnson unit. The jurors awarded $1.75 million to the Plaintiff. This was the fourth case to go to trial. There are thousands of other cases pending.
Lawyer: James Lampkin
Primary Contact: Crystal Jacks
Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS) is an immune complex hypersensitivity reaction that can be caused from an infection or immune response to drugs. It is a severe expression of a simple rash known as erythema multiforme. SJS is also known as erythema multiforme major. It affects all ages and genders including pediatric populations. The most severe form of SJS is toxic epidermal necrolysis (TENS). SJS occurs twice as often in men as in women. Most cases of SJS appear in children and young adults younger than 30. Females with SJS are twice as likely as males to develop TENS, and have an even higher chance if taking a category of drugs known as NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Testosterone Replacement Therapy products for men have been linked to an increased risk of death, heart attack and stroke. Researchers found men who used testosterone therapy were 30 percent more likely to have a heart attack, stroke, or die after three years of use. Furthermore, men who started the study with clear, unobstructed coronary arteries were just as likely to have a heart attack, stroke or die as men who entered the study with established coronary artery disease. Testosterone therapy, such as the prescription topical treatments Androgel, Testim and Axiron, are used to help boost testosterone levels in men who have a deficiency of the male hormone. Symptoms of low testosterone include decreased libido and low energy. We are currently investigating claims of heart attack, stroke, DVT, pulmonary embolism and prostate cancer.
Lawyer: Matt Teague
Primary Contact: Heather Hall
A preliminary study indicates that erectile dysfunction drug Viagra® (sildenafil) may increase the risk of developing melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer. The study, published in the JAMA Internal Medicine journal, analyzed data from nearly 26,000 men, 6 percent of whom had taken Viagra. The men who used Viagra at some point in their lives had about double the risk of melanoma compared to men who had never taken the drug. Men who were currently taking Viagra were at an 84 percent greater risk of developing Melanoma. We are currently looking at cases involving men who are taking or have taken Viagra and were diagnosed with melanoma.
Since 2003, more than 150,000 Zimmer NexGen Flex-Knee implants have been sold. Several different components used as part of the Zimmer NexGen Flex-Knee replacement system have been associated with increased risk of complications, including pain, swelling, loosening of component parts, and the need for follow-up/revision surgery. Several prominent surgeons want a Zimmer NexGen knee replacement recall to be issued. At a March 2010 conference of the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, two knee surgeons presented data suggesting that the Zimmer NexGen Flex-Knee failure rate could be as high as 9 percent, and that the actual number of complications that require revision surgery could be even higher.The lead author of the study, Dr. Richard Berger, described the failure rate of the Zimmer NexGen CR-Flex Porous Femoral Component as “unacceptably high.” We would like to review any cases involving individuals who have had a Zimmer NexGen knee device implanted, or individuals unsure of the type of knee device implanted, if that individual has had revision surgery.
Lawyers: Navan Ward and Melissa Prickett
Primary Contacts: Janet Welch and Donna Puckett
Manufactured by GlaxoSmithKline, Zofran® (ondansetron) was approved to treat nausea during chemotherapy and following surgery. Zofran® works by blocking serotonin in the areas of the brain that trigger nausea and vomiting. Between 2002 and 2004, GSK began promoting Zofran® off-label for the treatment of morning sickness during pregnancy, despite the fact the drug has not been approved for pregnant women and there have been no well-controlled studies in pregnant women. The FDA has received nearly 500 reports of birth defects linked to Zofran®. Birth defect risks include cleft palate and septal heart defects.
The Section currently has 34 lawyers and 18 legal assistants working on cases. We also utilize in-house investigators during the work-up of our cases. Melissa Prickett is the Section Administrator. She can be reached at 800-898-2034 or by email at Melissa.Prickett@beasleyallen.com
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